Dec 272016

Organization: UN Children’s Fund
Country: Viet Nam
Closing date: 08 Jan 2017

If you are a committed, creative professional and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world’s leading children’s rights organization would like to hear from you.

For 70 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.


The development of a Situation Analysis (SitAn) of Children’s Well Being is a key piece of research UNICEF supports as part of its international mandate to strengthen evidence-based policy planning and decision-making to promote human development and the fulfilment of children’s rights. It is a comprehensive assessment and analysis of child-relevant issues that provides recommendations and concrete suggestions to improve child-related conditions based on priorities. A SitAn is typically conducted at the national level in countries where UNICEF works. In Viet Nam, however, in a context of strong fiscal and administrative decentralization, stark regional divergence of key challenges for children as well as significant data gaps and dispersion, particularly at the sub-national level, UNICEF has gone one step further, commissioning provincial SitAns in selected provinces.

Ho Chi Minh City is among the region’s largest cities with expansion rates of 3.8% per year much faster than many urban areas in other East Asian countries. The City has also hosted a significant influx of migrants from rural and remote areas with about one third of its population who are migrants. This has posed challenges in healthcare, education, child and social protection for children. Therefore, the SitAn will be a rigorous and timely source of information and evidence to inform decision making to effectively respond to the existing and emerging issues for children in such a dynamic urban setting. Specifically, SitAn will help to identify and prioritize children’s issues and to undertake evidence-based planning and budgeting for children through the City’s socio-economic development plan (SEDP). Furthermore, UNICEF and Ho Chi Minh City have been jointly developing a new cooperation programme (2017-21) with a view to make Ho Chi Minh City a Child-friendly City in which each child is given a fair chance of start in life and opportunities to live and thrive in a safe, clean and resilient environment. Therefore, this Analysis will be of great importance to effectively develop and implement this cooperation programme and Child-friendly City Initiative between UNICEF Viet Nam and Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee.


Given the workload of UNICEF staff and Ho Chi Minh City’s authority, UNICEF have recruited an institution to conduct this SitAn since end of 2015. A draft SitAn was produced in accordance with the original timeline and has been through various reviews and provision of feedback and revisions of the draft. However, due to the inadequate quality of the draft report and timeliness of delivering all the required outputs as stipulated in the approved ToR and contract, UNICEF has decided to seek a qualified national consultant to work with the international consultant cum team leader to assist him/her to improve and finalize the draft SitAn report.


Purpose: To improve and finalize chapter 5 on Education of the current draft of Ho Chi Minh City’s situation analysis of girls and boys in order to inform policy making, improve the planning and influence budget allocation through SEDP and sectoral plans in more child sensitive, participatory and evidence based approaches.

The Objectives, Scope and Focus, Conceptual Framework for the Situational Analysis were set out under the original Terms of Reference and Contract as follows:


  • To improve the understanding of the current status of children’srights in the City and the causes of shortfalls and inequities, as the basis for recommending actions, especially those directly related to the City’s socio-economic development planning, budgeting, implementation, monitoring and evaluation;
  • To strengthen the local capacity to monitor the situation of children, particularly vulnerable and disadvantaged groups and how their specific rights are being met;
  • To provide practical recommendations on how to improve the situation of children in the City under immediate, intermediate and long-term development processes.
  • Scope and focus:

    It was agreed that the rights-based, equity-focused SitAn supported by UNICEF must answer, inter alia, the following questions:


  • What are the major national, regional and province-wide socio-economic trends that have had impacts on child and maternal outcomes in HCMC in the past 5 years? And in the next 5-10 years?
  • How do child and maternal outcomes and trends differ across population groups and regions? Which are the most deprived groups of children and women? Where are they located? What forms of deprivation and exclusion do these groups face? What are the determining factors that give rise to and perpetuate their exclusion?
  • What are the major issues and challenges facing children & families in HCMC today as well as in the next 5 years? What are the underlying causes of inequalities including gender across population groups and regions?
  • What are the immediate, underlying and structural barriers and bottlenecks to child and maternal well-being and to accessing and utilizing basic social services and other critical resources?
  • How is the situation in HCMC different from region, the country as a whole or other cities of neighboring countries? Any good model/practice or lesson learnt on children care and social protection in HCMC can be shared or replicated with other provinces in Viet Nam?
  • What emerging issues and risks (climate change, street children, children living with HIV/AIDS, orphan children, migration, social protection,.. ) exist that are likely to affect the patterns of deprivation and exclusion, exacerbate or create barriers and bottlenecks?
  • Roles, Responsibilities and Capacities:

  • What existing social, institutional and political factors (e.g. social norms, institutional capacities at all levels of local government, private sector, accountability and coordination mechanisms, policy and legal frameworks) impede or could potentially support the creation of an enabling environment for the realization of children’s rights? Any good model/practice or lesson learnt on children care and social protection in HCMC can be shared with or replicated to other provinces?
  • Who is supposed to do something/act upon (duty-bearers) the identified issues, challenges and disparities in at different levels?
  • What are the main ‘drivers’ of inequity? Have the ‘drivers’ of inequity changed over time? If so, how has that been accomplished? If not, why not?
  • Does the policy environment proactively address disparities and deprivations through legislation, policies and budgets? What gaps are there in policy response and in implementation? How are budgets mobilized, planned, allocated and used in general and for children in particular in HCMC (both state budget, private sector and donor fund)? Are these done to address children’s issues and priorities?
  • What are the existing capacities and capacity gaps of rights-holders in HCMC to claim their rights?
  • What are the existing capacities and capacity gaps of and of duty-bearers in HCMC to fulfill these claims?
  • What capacities exist at different local levels to participate in analytical processes that examine the causes and consequences of shortfalls and inequities and to what extent are disadvantaged groups involved in such efforts and with what results?
  • What are the key issues and solutions recommended for key stakeholders at national and local levels, particularly local policy makers to take into account when developing, planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluation for the provincial policies, annual and 5- year SEDP and sectoral plans in order to address specific dimensions of inequity and pervasive vulnerabilities?
  • Conceptual Framework

    The conceptual framework proposed for this SitAn has been based on the human rights based approach (HRBA) and it focuses on disparities in the realization of rights and/ or equity gaps in the realization of rights analysis. The exercise is expected to adopt an analytical framework based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) to assess a more-in-depth rights-based perspective analysis of the child. Specifically, the exercise is supposed to utilize the following 4 pillars of the CRC to guide the HRBA analysis:

  • Right to Health and Survival: Infant, child and maternal mortality; Maternal, new-born and child health; Nutritional status of children; Children and HIV/AIDS; Children with disabilities; Environmental impact on maternal and child health, Water and sanitation issues affecting children.
  • Right to Education and Development: Coverage of pre-school education; Access and quality of pre-school and basic education, Enrolment, attendance and drop outs in basic education; Performance and assessment in basic education; Inclusive education; Recreation and entertainment.
  • Right to a Protective Environment against Abuse, Violence and Exploitation: Children at risk of, or subject to, all forms of abuse, violence, neglect, suicide and exploitation; Children without parental care and in institutions; Children in contact with the law; Child labour; children of migrants.
  • Right to Participation: Child and youth participation mechanisms in community and institutional settings (inclusiveness – equities – and authenticity); Child and youth participation in family decision-making; At Risk Adolescents and positive citizenship (disabilities; HIV), special conditions (children in institutions, in contact with the law); others.
  • The following are the approaches and principles that are expected to be considered for the implementation of the SitAn in HCMC:

    The Human-Rights Based Approach (HRBA) will be applied across each thematic area, with its three steps:

  • Causality analysis including the analysis of immediate, underlying and root causes;
  • Role pattern analysis, examining duty-bearers and right-holders;
  • Capacity gap analysis, analyzing the capacity of all concerned duty bearers.
  • Gender Equality Analysis shall be mainstreamed in the SitAn with special focus on presenting the gender disparities as affecting full realization of children’s rights;

    Bottleneck/barrier analysis in relation to improved outcomes for children in line with the UNICEF Monitoring Results for Equity System (MoRES) approach will be considered. This approach intends to help in setting up a monitoring system, though pre-defined determinant analyses for the key barriers and bottlenecks to the realization of child rights for all children. The MoRES conceptual framework provides a platform for effective planning, strategic programming, decentralized monitoring, and managing results to achieve desired outcomes for the most disadvantaged children. It aims to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs);

    Review the 09 building blocks as a baseline for developing a Child Friendly city: (1) Children’s participation (2) A child friendly legal framework (3) A city wide children’s rights strategy (4) A children’s rights unit or coordinating mechanism (5) Child impact assessment and evaluation (6) A children’s budget (7) A regular state of the city’s children report (8) Making children’s rights known (9) Independent advocacy for children (see the details in annex);

    Child Participation: Children and youth participation especially for the most vulnerable children should be focused in whole process of SitAn in HCMC development. UNICEF, identified consultant and HCMC authority should develop, define and implement the detailed plan for promotion of child participation.

    Governmental ownership is necessary to build consensus on the analytical results, including the use of internationally recognized data and standards. Involvement of the government, civil society and other key stakeholders throughout the SitAn process is a pre-requisite for its acceptance in policy and strategy formulation, budget allocation, program implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Stakeholder involvement should be strategically planned and managed throughout the process. Stakeholder mapping and analysis should be made for identifying the level and scope of their involvement in whole process of SitAn. It may include: key local government agencies at different levels; elected bodies; relevant civil society organizations, including mass organizations, NGOs, professional associations; international development partners; policy analysis, research and development institutions; the private sector; the media and most importantly children and young people.

    Key reference documents:

  • Inception report for Ho Chi Minh City’s SitAn
  • Draft Report on Ho Chi Minh City’s SitAn
  • Documentation of all comments and inputs from UNICEF and all relevant stakeholders on the latest draft report of HCMC SitAn
  • Secondary and primary data (especially focus group discussions and interviews with children, parents and caregivers) which has been collected for the draft Report on Ho Chi Minh City’s SitAn.
  • Draft National SitAn (which is being finalized) for coherence and consistency between national and sub-national SitAns
  • Sub-national SitAns (Dien Bien, Ninh Thuan, An Giang, Gia Lai, Kon Tum and Lao Cai)
  • Specific tasks of the national consultant:

    Under the guidance of the international consultant cum team leader, the national consultant is expected to provide technical support to improve and finalize the chapter 5 on Education. The Objectives, Scope and Focus, Conceptual Framework (detailed above) continue to apply to the completion of this assignment and its deliverables. The consultant is expected to make at least one visit to Ho Chi Minh City to collect additional information and data to fill in the data gaps of the draft SitAn Report and have consultations with the technical working group from relevant agencies and departments of Ho Chi Minh City.

    Deliverables, Tasks of the national consultant, number of days:

    Identified data gaps and available plan of action for improving the chapter 5 on education of the draft SitAn Report, 3 days:

  • Conduct desk review to identify data gaps for the chapter 5 on education of the current draft SitAn report for HCMC
  • Propose solutions to address these data gaps and plan of action for improving the chapter 5 on education of the draft SitAn Report.
  • The chapter 5 on education of the draft SitAn Report revised and approved by UNICEF, 9 days:

  • Where necessary, conduct additional data collection and analysis for improving chapter 5 on education and recommendations for this chapter in consultation with the technical working group.
  • Improve the chapter 5 on education and submit to UNICEF (in English and Vietnamese) for further comments and inputs.
  • The revised chapter 5 on education finalized and submitted to UNICEF (in English and Vietnamese), 3 days:

  • Finalize the revised chapter 5 on education of the revised draft SitAn report based on consolidated written comments and inputs of UNICEF and all relevant stakeholders (through consultation workshops and meetings facilitated by UNICEF and Ho Chi Minh City’s authority)

    Notes: In addition, the national consultant is also responsible for providing quality assurance (editing) for the Vietnamese translation of the chapter 5 on education and the editing cost (of estimated 50 pages) will be charged separately in accordance with the UN rate.


    The consultant is required to report to Chief of the Social Policy and Governance Program, UNICEF Viet Nam.

    Performance indicators for evaluation

    Timeliness: The consultant must ensure the research activities are implemented within the agreed timeline, produce and submit the outputs based on agreed timeline.

    Quality of the product/output: For each of the product, a summary of comments/input from UNICEF and its counterparts is produced and jointly agreed by both sides. A checklist on addressing those comments must be produced when submitting the revised report.

    Frequency of evaluation: mid-term and end of assignment.

    Qualification/ Specialized Knowledge and Experience of the national consultant:

  • Must post-graduate degree in any social science or related fields
  • Strong working experience in research and analysis, particularly in the area of education.
  • Facilitation skills and ability to manage diversity of views in different cultural contexts
  • Ability to produce well written reports demonstrating analytical ability and communication skill
  • Good knowledge on human’s rights / children’s rights including the human rights based approach in urban area;
  • Excellent analytical and writing skills in English.
  • Interested candidates are kindly requested to apply online and submit the following documents:

  • Technical Proposal: The Consultant must prepare a succinct proposal briefly outlining how the consultancy will be completed in response to the ToR, ensuring that the purpose, objectives, scope, methodology and deliverables are addressed. An initial draft work plan (indicating Consultant’s availability) for the assignment should be included. (Strictly2-3 pages)
  • Financial Proposal: The consultant must prepare a financial proposal with breakdown of cost including the consultancy fee, per-diems, all travel and transportation costs and other ancillary costs and terms as mentioned. (Strictly 1 page). Applications without daily/monthly rate will not be considered.
  • Three Referees with details of similar consultancy assignments.
  • The Consultant must annex a sample (or provide web-link) of written report for similar topics performed previously by the Consultant.
  • The Consultant must complete and submit a P-11 form ( UN Personal History Form )
  • Closing date for receipt of applications is 8 January 2017 at 23:30 hours Viet Nam Time.

    To view our competency framework, please click here.

    UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organisation.

    How to apply:

    UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages qualified female and male candidates from all national, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of our organization. To apply, click on the following link

    click here for more details and apply to position


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